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People with Disabilities December 7, 2010

Posted by americanex in Uncategorized.
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I am from America, and in America we have people from every corner of the world. There are people from Mexico, China, Italy, Finland, Ukraine, Canada and Hungary to name a few. There are old people, young people, rich people and poor people. There are also a lot of disabled people.

What does it mean to be disabled? It means that a person has either a physical problem, such as they cannot hear, see, speak or walk. It also includes people who have a mental problem such as Autism or mental retardation. Or they can have a problem learning which is called developmental delay. A disability can be:

physical

mental

sensory

emotional

developmental

People can be born with a disability, or it can occur from an accident or injury to their brain. There are 54 million people with some type of disability living in America. And of that number, 6 million are school children with a disability.

I recently went to School #18 with another Librarian to speak with students in the 7th form about disabilities. Some pictures from our visit are below. We talked about many things, including the many organizations in America that work to help people with disabilities. There are 1,500,000 different public charities organizations in the United States.  For example:

  • American Association of People with Disabilities – this organization helps to make laws that protect people with disabilities. There are many laws in America that insure people with disabilities are not discriminated against – to make sure they can get a job no matter what their disability is. And there are laws to insure that people can enter public and private buildings even if they cannot walk.
  • Easter Seals – provides services, education and outreach so people with disabilities can live, learn, work and play in any community in the United States. Easter Seals has 13,000 people working to help disabled people, as well as thousands and thousands of volunteers.
  • TDI – Which stands for Telecommunications for the Deaf. This organization promotes equal access to media for deaf people. So people who cannot hear can still use a phone with special technology.
  • Special Olympics – The Special Olympics is an international organization started in 1968 by Eunice Kennedy Shriver. It began with the idea to bring together mentally disabled people to compete in games on Ms. Shriver’s lawn. The next event was well-organized and held at Chicago’s Soldier’s Field where normally baseball is played. Today, more than 3 million athletes of all ages from more than 170 countries compete in the Special Olympics. The Oath and Motto of the Special Olympics is:

    “Let me win. But if I cannot win, let me be brave in the attempt.”

In 2005, the Summer games were held in Japan; the 2007 Summer games were held in China; the 2009 Winter games were held in America; and the 2011 Summer games will be held in Greece.

Many laws are written to help and protect people with disabilities; it includes the ADA and the EEOC.

The ADA stands for the Americans with Disabilities Act, which was established in 1990. This Act is a group of laws that provide equal opportunity and protection under the law for disabled people. The laws ensure that disabled people can have employment, transportation, state and local government services, rights around housing, education, voting and access to public accommodations.

The EEOC is the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, which is responsible for enforcing Federal Laws that make it illegal to discriminate against people due to their race, color, religion, sex, national origin, age or disability.

I believe that disabled people are treated with respect in the United States because the our government established laws to protect the rights of the disabled and enforces penalties for breaking these laws.

New Words to Learn

(for help learning these words, click on www.mirriam-webster.com)

disabled

disability

Autism

mental retardation

developmental delay

organization

discriminated

charities

access

promotes

Olympics

enforces

accommodations

 

 

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